Venturi principle

The Venturi principle describes the correlation between dynamic and static air pressure when air flows through a tube. At the narrowest section, the dynamic pressure is at a maximum, while the static pressure is at a minimum. Since the same volume is flowing through the tube, the velocity increases in proportion to the cross sections. Because of this differential pressure, a vacuum can be created and air can be drawn in by using Venturi nozzles with a side inlet port. Vacuum generators based on this principle are called ejectors.